Top 5 Concrete Types You Should Know About

When it comes to construction, several materials are used for different purposes. However, one of the most versatile and commonly used materials is concrete. Professional industrial concrete companies use it in various applications, from walkways and driveways to buildings and bridges. If you’re considering using concreting services for your next construction project, this guide will give you all the essential details and information you need to make an informed decision. 

What is Concrete?

Concrete is a composite material that combines aggregate (sand, gravel, stone, brick chips, etc.), binding ingredients (cement or lime), water, and other additives to create an artificial stone-like mass. 

Concrete can be moulded into various shapes and sizes, sturdy, and easy to create. Its goal is to make the highest-quality building rapidly. Because of their extreme durability, concrete structures can withstand earthquakes, typhoons, hurricanes, and tornadoes. 

Concrete Mix Composition

According to a certified industrial concrete company, the concrete mixture consists of the following four fundamental components:

  • Binders such as cement or lime
  • Inert Materials or aggregates
  • Small aggregate (sand)
  • Granular aggregate (stone chips, brick chips)
  • Water
  • Admixture

Different Types of Concrete 

1. Normal Strength Concrete

Experts use a 1:2:4 ratio to blend the three essential components of this concrete: concrete, sand, and aggregate. It results in the formation of concrete with average strength. Depending on the quality of cement and the local weather at the concrete site, it can take from 30 to 90 minutes to set.

2. Ordinary Concrete

With cement, sand, and aggregates as their constituents, this concrete also has a typical 1:2:4 mix pattern. You can use it to build structures or pavement if the tensile strength is not required. Due to its poor resistance to vibrations and wind stress, it has the same difficulties as concrete of average power. Dam construction also uses regular or plain concrete. This type of concrete has a very satisfactory grade for durability.

3. Reinforced Concrete

According to industrial concrete companies, reinforced concrete gets extensively used in modern industry and buildings. Wires, steel rods, or cables are put into the concrete before it cures to boost its strength. These items get referred to as rebar. Recently, fibres have been used to reinforce this concrete. The two materials form a solid bond, which makes them resistant to various applied stresses. They essentially merge into a single structural component.

4. Prestressed Concrete

Many substantial concrete constructions use precast concrete components. The creation of prestressed concrete involves a unique technique. It has tendons or bars, just like reinforced concrete. 

Before the concrete is mixed and poured, these bars get used at the structural unit’s two ends. This unit is put under compression when the concrete hardens. This procedure makes the unit’s lower portion more resistant to tensile forces. 

5. Lightweight Concrete

The weight of lightweight concrete is somewhere between 1920kg/m3. Aggregates are components that increase the thickness of a specific concrete type. Natural elements like scoria or pumice, artificial materials like expanded shales, or minerals like vermiculite and perlite make these lightweight aggregates. Its low thermal conductivity is its most significant feature.

Types of Concrete Services

1. Residential Services

Industrial concrete companies provide home services, such as brickwork, concrete or cultured stone paving, and foundation repairs. Concrete slabs are used to build a garage or a pet house, and you can even place a concrete shed on your land that will last longer. In addition, a concrete pathway can get used to linking your patio with the main door. Concrete pavers are the most durable option for homeowners and require little upkeep.

Additionally, you can engage an industrial concrete company to construct polished concrete floors and decorative concrete pavers in your home. These pavers come in various colours, and you can use them to designate a particular spot in your garden. Cultured stones can also be installed on your pavement by concrete services.

2. Commercial Services

Contractors of professional asphalt companies provide commercial concrete services, including sidewalks, retaining walls, and building foundations. In addition, they can construct roads, remove concrete, and maintain asphalt while working on public land. Additionally, by employing retaining walls and concrete blocks, you can repair your concrete constructions by hiring an asphalt company to work on your landscape. These concrete blocks help maintain your lawn’s cleanliness and endure the soil strain.

Beautiful stones like marble, granite, or limestone are used to beautify your commercial floor. However, you cannot install such stones without first constructing their base; thus, to do so, you must work with a reputable concrete contractor.

To Conclude

Concrete as a construction material is one of the most preferred materials because of its availability in various types and its versatile nature for construction purposes. If you are looking forward to any commercial or residential construction services, make sure to use concrete. Also, hiring a professional industrial concrete company can help you choose suitable to concrete and perfect construction solutions.