The stages involved in the treatment of cancer

Cancer is a condition that arises when your body’s cells divide more quickly than usual. A mass, or tumour, develops from these aberrant cells.

Cancer treatment entails using surgery, radiation, drugs, and other medical involvements to treat cancer, reduce the size of cancer, or stop the spread of cancer.

There are several different cancer therapies. You might get just one treatment, or you might get a few different treatments, depending on your specific circumstance.

What is the purpose?

The purpose of cancer treatment is to eliminate your cancer and restore your ability to live a normal life. Depending on the details of your circumstance, this might or might not be achievable. In the absence of a cure, your treatments may be used to reduce the size of cancer or limit its progress, enabling you to live as long as possible without experiencing any symptoms. Dr Kanury Rao an award-winning immunologist dedicated his learnings and experiments to finding advanced methods to treat cancer.

Cancer treatments could include:

  • Primary therapy: A primary treatment aims to eradicate cancer from the body entirely or to eradicate all cancer cells.

Although any cancer treatment can be employed as the initial course of action, surgery is the most typical primary stage of cancer treatment for the most prevalent cancer forms. You might undergo radiation therapy or chemotherapy as your main course of treatment if your cancer is highly susceptible to those treatments.

  • Adjuvant medicine: To decrease the likelihood that cancer may recur, adjuvant therapy aims to eradicate any cancer cells that may endure after primary treatment.

As an adjuvant therapy, any cancer treatment is acceptable. Chemotherapy, radiation treatment, and hormone therapy are common adjuvant therapies.

Neoadjuvant therapy is comparable, except treatments are administered ahead of the primary therapy to facilitate or enhance the effectiveness of the latter.

  • palliative medicine:  Palliative care can be used to treat cancer and its symptoms as well as its adverse effects. Symptom relief options include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy. Other drugs could help with symptoms including discomfort and breathing difficulties.

Palliative care can be administered in addition to other cancer-curing therapies.

Stages of cancer treatment:

There are numerous options for cancer treatment. Your cancer’s type and stage, as well as your overall health and preferences, will all influence the types of treatments that are available to you. Your doctor and you can decide which cancer treatment is best for you by weighing the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Several alternatives for cancer treatment are:

  • Surgery. Surgery aims to eradicate cancer, or at least as much of it as is physically possible.
  • Chemotherapy: To eliminate cancer cells, chemotherapy employs medication.
  • therapy with radiation:  Cancer cells are destroyed during radiation therapy by powerful energy beams like X-rays or protons. When receiving radiation therapy, it may be administered internally or externally (external beam radiation) (brachytherapy).
  • a bone marrow transplant: The substance that forms blood cells from blood stem cells is called bone marrow, which is found inside your bones. Stem cells from a donor or your bone marrow can be used in a bone marrow transplant, also known as a stem cell transplant.

Your doctor can provide greater chemotherapy doses to treat your cancer after a bone marrow transplant. Bone marrow that is ill may also be replaced using it. Dr Kanury Rao put the limelight on this method through his discoveries.

  • Immunotherapy. By using your body’s immune system to combat cancer, immunotherapy, sometimes referred to as biological treatment, is used. Due to your immune system’s failure to identify it as an outside invader, cancer can thrive unchecked in your body. Your immune system’s ability to “see” and combat cancer can be improved with immunotherapy.
  • the use of hormones: The hormones in your body can fuel certain cancers. Breast and prostate cancer are a couple of such examples. The growth of the cancer cells might be stopped by eliminating those hormones from the body or by preventing their effects.
  • specialised medication: Specific abnormalities in cancer cells that enable their survival are the subject of targeted medication therapy.
  • Cryoablation. This procedure uses colds to kill cancer cells. Cryoablation involves the insertion of a thin, wand-like needle (cryoprobe) through your skin and right into the malignant tumour. To freeze the tissue, a gas is fed into the cryoprobe. After that, the tissue is left to defrost. The cancer cells are killed by repeatedly freezing and thawing them over the same therapy session.
  • radiation ablation: To kill cancer cells, this treatment heats them using electrical energy. In radiofrequency ablation, a physician inserts a tiny needle into the cancerous tissue through the skin or an incision. High-frequency radiation enters the needle and heats the tissue around it, killing the cells in the area.
  • Medical experiments:  Clinical trials are investigations that look into novel cancer treatment options. Numerous clinical trials are being conducted for cancer.


Science has been the focus of Dr Kanury Rao’s life. He has conducted a variety of studies to advance humanity. Together with his teammate, he recently created a revolutionary method for detecting breast cancer in its early stages in women. Numerous institutes hope that their new findings may lower the number of cancer patients and lengthen the lives of those who succumb to the disease. His team’s discovery of a novel subgroup of IgD receptors on ‘naive’ B lymphocytes contributed to a better understanding of the selection and amplification of B cells that are specific to particular antigens. He has focused on developing new synthetic peptide Hepatitis B vaccines that have been shown to produce strong human immune responses.