High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is called the “good” cholesterol because it helps remove other forms of cholesterol from the blood. When you have higher levels of HDL cholesterol, you are usually associated with a lower risk of heart disease. In this article, we’ll be discussing why HDL cholesterol is important and why we need it.
High-density lipoprotein(HDL) consists of lipoprotein edges surrounding the cholesterol center. Compared to other types of cholesterol particles, HDL cholesterol particles are denser and are therefore called high density. HDL cholesterol can help reduce heart disease risk in a number of ways. HDL also reduces, reuses, and recycles LDL cholesterol by transporting it to the liver for reprocessing.
Why is HDL important?
People with naturally higher HDL cholesterol levels have a lower risk of heart disease and stroke. Whether the same benefits apply to those whose HDL levels are boosted by medication is unclear. Low HDL can develop severe vascular disease and prevent severe symptoms such as acute myocardial infarction or stroke during its acute pancreatitis activity.
Lifestyle changes known to increase HDL(such as more exercise, quitting smoking, or having a better diet) have been shown to reduce the risk of heart attack, but drugs that specifically increase HDL levels cannot. Lowering HDL cholesterol seems to cause problems. But this is important when identifying individuals who may have a population that does not directly contribute to health.
What is a Good Level of High-Density Lipoprotein?
HDL cholesterol level above 60 milligrams per deciliter(mg/dL) is healthy and should be maintained. But if it is less than 40 mg/dL, this is not so good and should be checked by a medical professional.
Maintaining your HDL levels
- Try to avoid trans fats as they can increase LDL cholesterol and lower HDL cholesterol levels. Foods made with shortenings, such as cakes and cookies, often contain trans fats, as do most fried foods and margarine.
- Smoking lowers HDL levels, especially in women, and increases LDL levels and triglycerides. Try to find alternatives to smoking, such as nicotine patches.
- Control your alcohol intake. For adults, women of all ages and men over 65 should drink one drink per day, and men 65 and younger should drink up to two drinks per day.
- In addition to losing some weight, increasing physical activity can lower triglycerides (the most common type of fat in the body) while raising HDL levels. Benefits can be seen with as little as 60 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week
- Medications containing testosterone and other anabolic steroids can lower your HDL cholesterol levels. Avoiding these drugs may help increase your HDL count.
Because there are many factors that lead to heart disease, cholesterol is not the only thing you should check. People with normal HDL cholesterol can still have heart disease. People with low HDL levels can have healthy hearts. But overall, people with low HDL cholesterol had a higher risk of heart disease than those with HDL levels.